Pologne / Poland

Professor J. Kłoczowski
Chopina 27/9,
20023 Lublin, Poland
Instytut Europy Srod-Wsch
Palac Czartoryskich
Tel/fax: +48 81 532 29 07
E-mail: instesw@platon.man.lublin.pl or europasw@platon.man.lublin.pl

Dr Paweł Kras
E-mail: palks@inetia.pl

Polish Subcommission Reports

Report published: 
Ve, 2015-12-18


Polish Subcommission of CIHEC

Report on its activities in the years 2013-2015



The operations of the Polish Subcommission of CIHEC (Polska Komisja Historii Porównawczej Chrześcijaństwa) affiliated to the Polish Academy of Sciences were terminated on 31 December 2011. Neither the President of the Polish Commission of CIHEC nor any of its members were consulted on that decision. Thanks to the determination of Prof. Jerzy Kłoczowski, the Polish Subcommission of CIHEC resumed its activity in September 2013. The new Polish Subcommission (Polska Grupa CIHEC) is affiliated to the Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności) in Cracow, and operates as one of commissions within that prestigious institution founded in 1872. 26 members of the Polish Subcommission of CIHEC were approved by the General Assembly of the Polish Academy of Learning, and in March 2014 they received official documents of appointment.

In September 2013 the new Polish Subcommission held its first meeting in Cracow. Prof. Jerzy Kłoczowski was unanimously elected new President. He proposed Prof. Paweł Kras (Catholic University of Lublin) to the position of Vice-President, and Dr Tomasz Gałuszka OP (Papal University of John Paul II in Cracow) to the position of Secretary General. His proposals were unanimously accepted. The second part of the meeting was devoted to the reports on the past activities of the Polish Subcommission of CIHEC and its future plans. Prof. Kłoczowski offered the overview of the very beginnings of the Polish Subcommission and assessed its past activities. His paper was focused on the best achievements of the Polish Subcommission, among which he listed 3 big congresses organised in Warsaw (1978), Lublin (1996) and Lublin-Lviv (2007). Prof. Kras presented the activities of CIHEC in the last decade (2004-2013), reporting on the past conferences and operations of the General Bureau. In the open discussion some members proposed various forms of future activities: conferences, research projects and publications. Prof. Jerzy Wyrozumski, Secretary General of the Polish Academy of Learning in Cracow, who hosted the meeting, promised the suport of the Academy for CIHEC operations, and proposed that the Polish Subcommission should publish its own periodical (Rocznik Polskiej Grupy CIHEC) within the PAU publication series. Prof. Kras and Dr Gałuszka proposed to organise a cycle of conferences dedicated to the Fourth General Council of Lateran (1215) to commemorate its 800th anniversary. The proposal was accepted.

In 2014 the Polish Subcommission held two meetings. The first took place in Warsaw on 14 March, and was devoted to the discussion on the concept of humanism in the Polish Christianity. The meeting started with the lecture of Prof. Jerzy Kłoczowski on „The humanistic ideas in the Polish Christianity in the long-term historical perspective (12th-18th c.). In the open discussion attended by CIHEC members and guests some important problems were raised and new research proposals brought to the forum. All participants agreed that the penetration and circulation of hunanistic ideas should be examined from a broad and comparative perspective. It is of great significance to look closer at individuals and communities which contributed to the dissemination of humanistic ideas within Poland, and promoted them by various means of communication. Prof. Kłoczowski emphasised that much more research should be devoted to Master Wincenty Kadlubek, Bishop of Cracow, and his early thirteenth century Chronicle which is the first literary evidence to study how Christian humanism penetrated into the Polish culture.

The second meeting took place in Cracow on 21 November. 15 members of the Polish Subcommission and 4 guests attended the meeting. The first part of the meeting was devoted to the reports on the activities of the CIHEC network, based upon the information circulated by the CIHEC Secretary General. Dr Tomasz Gałuszka read the letter of Prof. Anton Pazos, President of CIHEC, addressed to Prof. Jerzy Kłoczowski to celebrate his 90th birthday. Two members of the Polish Subcommission: Prof. Urszula Borkowska OSU (Catholic University of Lublin) and Prof. Izabela Skierska (Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences), who passed away earlier that year, were commemorated and their scholarly achievements and contributions to CIHEC were briefly mentioned.

The second part of the meeting was focused on two papers related to the Fourth General Council of Lateran. Prof. Krzysztof Ożóg (Jagiellonian University of Cracow) delivered the paper dedicated to the constitution De magistris scholasticis, and discussed the formation and development of the school system in medieval Poland. Prof. Krzysztof Bracha (Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce & Polish Academy of Sciences) presented the paper on the consitution Inter caetera and examined the problem of preaching in medieval Poland. The two papers offered general overviews of the research problems and were followed by open discussion.

On 22 May 2015 the Polish Subcommission held one of its two planned meetings, at the Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The meeting was attended by 14 members and some guests. At the very beginning of the meeting Prof. Daniel Olszewski and Dr Jan Skarbek, who died in 2014, were commemorated by short reports on their achievement, followed by a minute of silence. The meeting agenda was started with the short report on the past activities of the Polish Subcommission presented by Dr Tomasz Gałuszka OP. Prof. Kras provided some information on the planned conference on Spiritual and Ecclesiastical Biographies – research, results, and reading, which would be organised in Stockholm by the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences on 11-12 June. In addition he presented the minutes of the last meeting of the Bureau General in Trogir in June 2014 and encouraged all the members to contribute to the planned conferences of CIHEC. The second part of the meeting started with the paper of Prof. Kłoczowski on the place of Poland in the comparative history of Christianity (11th-18th c.). His paper analyses methodology of research over the last fifty years and discussed the key achievements of intensive international cooperation in the comparative history of Christianity. Kłoczowski’s paper was followed by two other papers related to the Fourth Council of Lateran. In the first of them Prof. Antoni Mironowicz analysed the constitution Licet Greacos and its impact on the Eastern Orthodox Church in medieval and early modern Poland. The second paper was presented by Prof. Paweł Kras and discussed the constitution Excommunicamus and its reception in medieval Poland, in particular its role in the implementation of the inquisitorial procedure, and in the formation of antiheretical legislation, both ecclesiastical and secular. Both papers were followed by animated discussion on further research perspectives.

The Polish Subcommision plans to have the second meeting this year in Cracow and its date should be announced shortly. At the end of the year it intends to collect all papers related to the Fourth Council of Lataren, and publish them together with annual reports and articles dedicated to the deceased members of the Subcommission in the first volume of Rocznik Polskiej Grupy CIHEC



The report is submitted by Paweł Kras and Tomasz Gałuszka OP



Religious Space of East-Central Europe - Open to the East and the West, Lublin - Lviv, 6-10 September 2007


The conference on Religious Space of East-Central Europe - Open to the East and the West, Lublin - Lviv, 6-10 September 2007, was organized in cooperation with the Ukrainian CIHEC Commission, Institute of East Central Europe, Lublin, Institue for Church History, Ukrainian Catholic University Lviv, History Department, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin and Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw. Professor Jerzy Kłoczowski, Rev. Professor Borys Gudziak, Rector of the Ukrainian Catholic University in Lviv and Professor Jaroslav Isaievych, President of the Ukrainian Committee of Historical Sciences, were all involved. The organization of the Polish part of the CIHEC conference was entrusted to the Institute of East Central Europe in Lublin, and the Ukrainian part to the Institute for Church History, Ukrainian Catholic University. The following plenary sessions were offered: 

The contemporary religious situation of East Central Europe (Marcin Przeciszewski, Marek Pieńkowski) The Place of East Central Europe in the historiography of European Christianity (Jerzy Kłoczowski, Brenda Bolton, Marc Venard, Hugh McLeod) The Ukraine between the Byzantine and Latin worlds (Ihor Ševčenko) Variety of religious traditions in Lviv (Tadeusz M. Trajdos, Myron Kapral, Liliana Hentosch) Religious life in the Ukraine before the imposition of the Soviet system Achievements and proposals of contemporary research on the religious history of Ukraine (round-table presided over by O. Turij)

The panel sessions were as follows:

The Catholic Church: structures (dioceses and parishes), clergy, religious life Religious orders: organization and activity Religious culture: elites and people Forms of catechisation (teaching, preaching, circulation of books etc.) Religious pluralism and relations among various Churches and religions Eastern Orthodox Church: structures, clergy, religious life Jews: their settlement and relations with Christian population The Holy See and the local Churches of East Central Europe Churches of East Central Europe in the Totalitarian period

The conference served to provide a forum for the presentation of recent findings as well as for an open discussion on the historical evolution of religious space of East Central Europe. It is planned to publish the conference proceedings within 2 years. The Polish CIHEC Commission, in co-operation with the Slovak, Czech and Ukrainian Commissions, is planning to organize a separate session devoted to socio-religious history of East Central Europe at the Congress of Historical Sciences, Amsterdam (2010). The title of the panel and a list of its participants will be submitted shortly.